JSF Mini Book – Tips, concepts and good practices

Flash Scope

In a web application is not hard to find a situation where it is needed to redirect a user using HttpServletResponse.sendRedirect method. When the sendRedirect method is used the data of the first request is lost. The image below explains how the redirect works:

It is not a good practice to use the User session (HttpSession) to store objects/information, attributes or values that would be lost after a redirect. Remember that to each user that uses the HttpSession it will be more memory of the server that will be allocated.

The JSF 2.0 has a very useful component named Flash Scope. This component will keep the object until the end of the redirect. It works like a Map<String, Object> that will keep the object temporarily in the session, and after the object is used its reference will be eliminated. The code below shows how to put an object inside the flash scope:

// class import
importcom.sun.faces.context.flash.ELFlash;

// use it before the redirect
ELFlash.getFlash().put("car", carObject);

To use the value in the page after the redirect just use it through the EL: “#{flash.car.color}“. Automatically the car reference will be removed from the container memory after the utilization of the car attribute.

Other good functionality of the Flash Scope is that it is possible to keep the object in the memory; to use this feature just access the object like this: “#{flash.keep.car.color}“. Just by adding the work keep before the object will indicate to the JSF it should not eliminate the object after using it (clique here to see more about it).

18 thoughts on “JSF Mini Book – Tips, concepts and good practices

  1. Really cool material! I agree with Tim. If this could be distributed in pdf format, you will become a little more famous. :) Thanks, good job!

  2. I’m not able to see this library applied in my program.
    Output is: Real Madrid, Champion!!! (No image and style)

    Please let me know what I’m missing.

  3. I was trying to learn Spring MVC for last 2 months, Every time i try to start, i get stuck somewhere. 2 Months passed, and i did not learn anything. I purchased two books for spring. Finally i quit Java web programming. One day I thought to give a try to JSF. and found some tutorials online, worked on them and I loved it. Your tutorials are going to help me a lot.
    Thank you so much.
    I would like to tell people here, don’t go near spring, It’s a piece of crap.

    • Arslan,

      Thanks for the feedback.

      My next post will be a full web application with Spring MVC.

      Maybe this application will help you understanding better the Spring, it is a good tool! =D

      See you later.

  4. With your code lines

    and

    eclipse was giving error that:

    Multiple annotations found at this line:
    – Invalid location of text (“) in tag ().
    – Invalid location of text (=”) in tag ().
    – Element type “h:outputStylesheetlibrary” must be followed by either attribute specifications, “>”
    or “/>”.

    So I’ve corrected it by changing lines to

    But I think as you mentioned in case of versions of resources, it will automatically picks up latest version. but the code I’m using will not control the version. It looks like hard-coded.

    What you say about it?

    Moreover, You wrote:
    “To use a mapped library by the ResourceHandler let us create a folder named “index.xhtml” inside the folder “/WebContent”.”

    I think you have not created a folder name “index.xhtml” but you have created a file named “index.xhtml”. If I’m right then you need to correct it. :)

    • Hello Arslan, how are you?

      Unfortunately the xml are not displayed here. =/

      Could you send me an email with the code and the texts that you wrote?

      Thanks for your support and passing by.

      My email is contato (at] uaihebert (d0T) com

      Thanks

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